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Causes, Treatment, and Caring of Plantar Fasciitis
Heel pain is in most cases caused by plantar fasciitis, heel pain is sometimes referred to as heel spur syndrome particularly when there is a spur, it is worth noting that heel pain can also be caused by a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in rare situations by a cyst. Given many possible sources the pain in the heel, it is imperative to have the heel pain examined by a reliable and reputable ankle surgeon for proper diagnoses, a good and experience ankle surgeon can distinguish between all probabilities and to identify the source of the heel pain. A significant number of people have no idea what plantar fasciitis is, in simple term, it is swelling of the plantar fascia that connects heel to toes, the heel pain starts when fascia is irritated and become inflamed which in turn cause a sharp stabbing pain emanating from the heel. This guide presents you cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of plantar fasciitis.
The primary cause of plantar fasciitis is poor foot structure, this is observed in people with flat feet, abnormal arched feet, or people with arches problems, plantar fasciitis can also develop because of using poor shoes on rigid flat surfaces because they put excessive pressure on the band tissue leading to plantar fasciitis, this is normally seen in people with a job that demand long hours of standing or obese people.
Some main telltale signs of plantar fasciitis are pain from beneath the heel, and from the arch, the pain increases on standing and continues to worsen over time, the pain normally worsens on standing after sitting for a good number of hours, but the pain disappears after a small walk, the reason is that walking helps in stretching the plantar fascia.
The foot and ankle surgeon will obtain your medical history and physically examine your foot before arising to the final diagnosis, before you are diagnosed with plantar fasciitis, the ankle surgeon will rule out all other possible cause of heel pain, to distinguish different types of heel pain, the ankle surgeon may use diagnostic imaging such as x-rays or other imaging techniques, there are times heel spurs are found in a patient with plantar fasciitis although this is a rare thing when a spur is present this is referred as plantar fasciitis or heel spur syndrome.
Some of the recommended non-surgical treatments or management of plantar fasciitis are calf stretches, use of ice to minimize inflammation, avoid walking bare feet, use shoes that support the arch, limit physical activities, and medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).